The Ten Books on Architectureby Published 01 Jun 1960
|The Ten Books on Architecture.pdf|
The oldest and most influential book ever written on architecture, this volume served as a guide to Bramante, Michelangelo, Palladio, Vignola, and countless others. It describes the classic principles of symmetry, harmony, and proportion as well as the ancients' methods, materials, and aesthetics. Authoritative translation by a distinguished Harvard professor.
The Ten Books on Architecture Reviews
من الرائع أن نتعرف على أقدم الكتب المعمارية.. والتي ينبغي لكل معماري الإطلاع عليه.. وعلينا الاعتراف أن فيتروفيوس ليس فقط معماري، بل هو معلم حيث قام بنقل معارفه المعمارية عبر كتبه العشرة.. والتي أنتجت على الأقل الاتسان الفيتروفي (الانسان ذو المقاييس الذهبية).. على يد ليوناردو دافنشي..
Le pongo 2 estrellas porque este libro me aburrió muchísimo, no porque no sea bueno, sino porque es demasiado técnico y a mí no me interesa la arquitectura :c
Pero las partes en que Vitruvio contaba anécdotas y explicaba cosas generales me gustaron y divirtieron mucho.
Sobre la edición que yo leí (trad. Agustín Blánquez): hay varios errores tipográficos, no entendí algunas ~traducciones~ de nombres, y no tengo idea de por qué hay tantos futuros subjuntivos cuando we all know que el futuro subjuntivo NO existe en latín.
It's an amazing feeling when you read a book that has been written over 2000 years ago and is still considering till now one of the most important books on architecture because of all the knowledge that vitruvius had put into his book and the way he relyed on logic to design, used the module, payed attention to the importance of proportion and the fit of shapes and maked the building cost as low as possible...
I think this is fascinating
I preface my remarks by noting that I am not an architect nor am I at all well versed in architecture. I read the book mostly to learn about daily life, how houses were made, and what kind of machines the ancients had. I found his little side stories to b some of the most interesting parts of the book. I skimmed through some of the more detailed points on architecture, but I still learned a fair deal about various building materials, how to lay out a city, and properties of various types of trees.
In Book I, you learn some of the fundamentals of Architecture, and for example, why to use the Dorian order for temples of Mars and Corinthian for temples of Venus.
Also, soothsaying with animal livers wasn't all just superstition, but bad omen could mean the soil was polluted so best no building, digging for water pits, growing crops, etc. there.
Book II covers building materials, stone, lime, quarries, pozzolan, concrete, timber, ...
Again it has funny anecdotes as a witness account of the thought processes and life in antiquity. Like how Vitruvius rationally explains how it wasn't the superstition of mysterious water properties that turned rough mountain barbarians 'gay' but it was the charm of the Greek civilization.
Or how you should fell trees in winter because wearing fruit is weakening wood, like how a pregnant slave is weaker than a slave without childbearing.
Book III, boring but detailed instructions on the proportions and building of Ionic temples.
Book IV A quick introduction to the mythical origins of the three Greek orders, adding a Roman fourth order, the Tuscan order, followed by more temple design and building instructions.
Book V deals with the public places in cities of antiquity, senate house, baths, harbors, prison, theatre, ...
Ancient Greek music theory is used to explain the acoustics for building and designing theatres, which is possibly even more convoluted and confusing than modern music theory, interesting maybe but you are warned :D
Book VI deals with the design and building of private houses.
It has a funny section on climate, how different climates call for different building styles and then goes on a racist ramble comparing people from different climates according to the humidity in their bodies as a function of the heat in their climate. Even comparing the pitch of their voices with Greek notes produced by filling clay cups with water.
Book VII Vitruvius sounds like old man whining on how new stucco paintings use too many bright and expensive colors and how everything was better in the past when the decorations and paintings were more realistic.
2k yrs ago rants on bright colors or today against millennials & smartphones, old geezers will always be youth bashing afraid of their own mortality when they realize life goes on without them or their bs values.
Book VIII deals with water.
Examples of springs and streams, palatability, toxicity, bitterness, acidity, on choosing lead or clay pipes, ...
Book IX describes ancient methods of telling the passing of time, first from the heavens, Sun, Moon, planets, constellations and then man-made instruments, water clocks, ...
Book X covers machines, all manner of mechanical wooden constructions like hoisting machines, ballistae, water mills, water screws, battering rams, ...